OCCURRENCE OF Giardia sp. IN TWO POPULATIONS OF DOGS FROM BOTUCATU, SO PAULO STATE, BRAZIL.

P. FACIULLI, A. S. RUBINI, R. K. TAKAHIRA, R. S. LOPES

Abstract


Giardia duodenalis (syn. G. lamblia and G. intestinalis) is a flagellated protozoan that parasites the small bowel of domestic animals, men, birds, and reptiles. It is transmitted by contaminated food or water, or by cysts adhered to the
animal?s hair coat or carried by bugs. The aim of this paper was to test whether people roaming daily through an area where animals are largely found, such as a Veterinary Hospital, might be a risk factor for their pets to be infected by Giardia cysts. We collected sixty-one fecal samples, being 32 from animals belonging to owners that transit daily in the Veterinary Hospital facilities, and 29 from animals belonging to owners that do not have activities connected to veterinary practice. The results from the fecal exams, analyzed by the Faust method, showed a significant difference (p < 0.0005) between groups. Such result indicated that dogs whose owners transit daily by the Veterinary Hospital have a higher occurrence of Giardia cysts.
KEY-WORDS: Giardia. Giardiasis. Dogs.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15361/2175-0106.2005v21n1p47-50